How to Create a Spectacular Background Using an El Bokeh Wall

Bokeh is the aesthetic quality of the blur, in the out-of-focus areas of an image. You can easily get this spectacular background blur in your photos using a fast prime or macro lens (basically ones with an aperture of f/2.8 or greater), and a technique involving what many call the El Bokeh Wall.

Photo A  Uddhav Gupta  uddhav98 gmail com

In my opinion, the El Bokeh wall is very effective at creating eye-popping bokeh, which can help make your picture more interesting and unique in its own right. However, keeping in mind the potential it has, it doesnít seem to be used often enough. It is very simple though, you can do it without any special equipment, using things you will probably be able to find lying around at home.

(NOTE: Several demonstrations of this technique use a speed-light. For those without such equipment, donít worry, there IS a very good alternative which this tutorial will tell you about!)


  • A camera
  • A macro or prime lens with a large aperture for nice bokeh (you can still try to do it even if you donít have one of these, but your attempt may or may not be successful)
  • A tripod
  • Aluminium foil (Youíll probably have some in the kitchen. If not, itís very cheap to buy)
  • A speedlight, or as in this tutorial, use an alternative light source instead. You can use a flashlight or download an app onto your smartphone which allows you to use its flash as a light)
  • A subject
  • A background (you can use a piece of cardboard)


Youíll be surprised at how simple it really is:

Step one: Get as much aluminium foil as you think you will need to sufficiently cover your background

Step two: Crumple the aluminium foil into a loose ball (as shown here)

Step 2

Step three: Open up the ball, without smoothing out the crinkles (these will reflect the light, which will create the magnificent bokeh you need) Ė be careful not to tear the foil in this step.

Step 3

Step four: Stick the foil to the background (you may use some transparent tape to do so).

Step 4


Without the use of a speedlight!

  • Place your camera and tripod some distance away from the El Bokeh Wall. The desired part of the subject (or the whole subject) is typically included along with some of the bokeh from the foil.
  • Place the subject a suitable distance away from the El Bokeh Wall. You will need to judge what this suitable distance is on your own, as that will vary depending on your chosen subject, and the camera and lens combination youíre using. While constantly checking your cameraís LCD monitor (itís just easier this way Ė remember to switch to Live View), place the subject in a the position that makes the bokeh pops the most.
  • Get your camera to focus on the subject (with the background properly out of focus to obtain good bokeh) and then switch to manual focus.
  • Experiment with your lighting (since youíre not using any fixed lighting). Hold up your flashlight or smartphone and experiment with various angles until you get the best result.
  • Set the two second self-timer on your camera to count down.
  • Keep holding the light source at the angle which yield the best results until the picture is taken.


You should now have a great picture with marvellous bokeh like this:

Photo B  Uddhav Gupta  uddhav98 gmail com

Photo C  Uddhav Gupta  uddhav98 gmail com

Give it a try and please leave your comments below.

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